Dandruff is a scalp disease that results in flaking of skin. It could also be itchy, sometimes.

The majority of people usually come in contact with dandruff at some point in their lives, but it is more prevalent from the youthful years up to adulthood.

There are several causes of dandruff, involving eczema, psoriasis, seborrheic dermatitis, and allergic reactions. An overreaction to Malassezia, a yeast that exists on the scalp, is one of the major causes of seborrheic dermatitis.

Different circumstances heighten the chances of developing dandruff, including a person’s age, the weather, tension levels, medical situations, and preference for hair products.

Bad hygiene is not among the causes of dandruff, but the flakes of skin tend to become a bit more noticeable if a person does not bathe or scrub their hair frequently.

People tend to feel self-conscious about this condition, but this article is geared towards revealing the major causes of dandruff and how to treat it.

Some methods will go after a primary ailment, such as psoriasis, while others are meant to exfoliate dead skin cells or contrast the production of the yeast that can stimulate dandruff.

The right method will rely on the individual’s age, any basic conditions, and how serious their case is.

Here are some reasonable behavioral changes and home treatments that can be of help in controlling dandruff

  • Reducing anxiety levels.
  • Avoid the use of products that may contain hard detergents and chemicals
  • Frequently washing and brushing the hair.
  • Consulting a dermatologist when choosing a favourable scalp and hair-care method


It is not always evident why dandruff appears, but here are some likely causes:

  • Seborrheic dermatitis: Folks with seborrheic dermatitis have disturbed, oily skin and are more prone to carry dandruff. The skin will be red, greasy, and surrounded by breakable white or yellow layers. It usually affects the scalp, the backs of the ears, the eyebrows, the chest, and various other parts of the body.
  • Extremes weather conditions, and possibly a combination of cold weather and overheated rooms
  • Less frequent scrubbing of the hair, as brushing helps reduce dead skin cells
  • Tension or Stress
  • Age, because dandruff tends to occur disturb persons between the teenage years and adulthood (however, a certain kind of dandruff commonly called cradle cap is also common among babies)
  • Hormonal factors, as it tends to exist more prevalent in males
  • Certain skin conditions: Besides psoriasis, some conditions tend to result in flaking of skin on the scalp, such as:
  1. eczema ringworm, a fungal infection.
  2. contact dermatitis

Medical Conditions That Usually Involve Seborrheic Dermatitis

Seborrheic Dermatitis: tends to be more widespread among individuals with:

  • Psoriasis or scalp psoriasis
  • HIV
  • Acne
  • osacea
  • Parkinson’s infection
  • Epileptic conditions
  • Liquor reliance
  • Depression
  • Eating conditions
  • Individuals who might be recovering from a seizure or heart attack
  • A vulnerable immune system
  • Fatigue
  • Obesity

An HIV patient who suffers serious scalp issues is advised to see their doctor, who will suggest a more favourable remedy.

Research reveals that 30–83% of persons with HIV have seborrheic dermatitis, compared with 3–5% of the extensive population. The signs also tend to be a bit harsher.


If dandruff and itching are serious and incessant, or if symptoms become worse, it might be a better suggestion to see a doctor. They may recognize any primary issue that will react to a certain kind of medication.

For moderate dandruff not having a particular spur, numerous products can help manage flaking and itchiness.

Before making use of any anti-dandruff hair products, individuals should carefully try peeling off as many scaling fiddles on the scalp as possible. This will increase the effectiveness of the shampoo.

Gently brush or comb the hair to eliminate open scales or flakes, then go ahead to wash with a medicated shampoo. Be careful not to remove patches or plaques too aggressively, as this could cause severe irritation.

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